In the first two rounds, eliphaz, bildad and zophar speak in turn. God then allows satan to visit terrible trials upon job to test him. Hes blameless and upright, and he has kids, a wife, land, and a bunch of sheep. Job pronounced jobe, was a rich farmer living in the land of uz, somewhere northeast of palestine. Job is an unlikely candidate because the book s message rests on job s ignorance of the events that occurred in heaven as they were related to his ordeal. Job certainly did suffer, but there is more to his story than just his suffering. Its subject matter is the allimportant question, why, in a worl. The author of the book of job incorporated the folk book into his work in a manner still showing traces of the component parts. The book of job begins with a prologue job 12, which describes a wager between satan and god, in which satan the adversary bets god that job a particularly pious manwill abandon his piety and curse god if all his wealth and wellbeing are taken away. Job 1 commentary albert barnes notes on the whole bible.
God knows the book of job is a very difficult book to understand, and remember that job never did receive an answer from god that we know of. If you were to fit it chronologically, it should be place in the early chapters of genesis. The book of job gives us a glimpse behind the veil that separates earthly life from the heavenly. In this epic wager between god and the devil, discover how job reacts to the shocking curses inflicted upon him and what we can learn from his incredible example of remaining faithful through suffering. Book of job there was a man in the land of utz whose name was job. Or perhaps this is an at least partially an afterward because i write this after i have completed half of the melding together of roger hahns online crivoice bible study and the excerpts from john c.
The use of this preexisting material very cleverly placed the problem outside of palestine, thereby excluding the possible objection of orthodox theology that such a casea perfectly righteous man persecuted by yhwh. A job summary basically provides an overview of the company and the expectations that comes with the job. In job, we see a man who god allows to be directly attacked by satan. While it may be that the author intended his book to be a contribution to an ongoing highlevel discussion of major theological issues in an exclusive company of learned men, it seems more likely that he intended his story to be told to godly sufferers who like job were struggling with the crisis of faith brought on by prolonged bitter suffering. The book of job opens with a scene in heaven where satan comes to accuse job before god. Job with book summary versebyverse bible commentary. And there is a reality called satan who challenges god that his man is not as good as he thinks he is.
The book of job has been widely given the theme of patience and we see this mentioned in the new testament book of james. Up in the heavens, god brags to the divine assembly about job. These are vital questions, and kelly provides a commentary that seeks to answer them in spite of the difficulties they present. Many have regarded the whole book as a fiction, and have supposed that no such person as job ever lived. Job answers each of their speeches directly before the next friend starts. He was the greatest man among all the people of the east.
A brilliant dialogue in that day was what a baseball game or any other athletic event is in our day. This time, job is afflicted with horrible skin sores. This summary of the book of job provides information about the title, authors, date of writing, chronology, theme, theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the book of job. The contents of the book, together with its artistic structure and elegant style, place it. Satan appears in heaven again, and god grants him another chance to test job. For he wounds, but he binds up, he shatters, but his hands heal job 5. The book mentions dinosaursnot by that name, but the description of the behemoth is certainly dinosaurlikeliving side by side with man job 40. The book of job is often upheld as an example of godly patience while suffering. The big picture of job is that there was a man who was, in one sense, blameless in gods sight. Its purpose is to illustrate gods sovereignty and faithfulness during a time of great suffering. Job keeps on saying that he is good but he starts to wonder if. The book s theme is the eternal problem of unmerited suffering, and it is named after its central. The book of job is often referred to as one of the great classics of world literature. The book of job 3 the book of job introduction to the book the book of job has long been praised as a masterpiece of literature.
The book of job is quite possibly the strangest book in the hebrew bible, and is notoriously difficult to date. Key personalities of this book include job, eliphaz the temanite. Lo and behold, satan comes out and challenges god on job. Friends join job, and join him in silent mourning for seven days.
Its fourteen chapters contain both a warning concerning future events and an interpretation of these events meanings. Victor hugo the greatest poem, whether of ancient or. Several suggestions have been put forth as plausible authors. Key personalities of this book include job, eliphaz the temanite, bildad the shuhite, zophar the naamathite, and. Although most of the book consists of the words of job and his friends, job himself was not the author.
Its subject matter is the allimportant question, why, in a world over which yahweh has jurisdiction, should innocent persons have to suffer when at the same time the wicked escape suffering and are permitted to have comfort and security. Slavitt, philadelphia inquirer one of the most powerful and unsettling bible stories, the book of job undermines the claim that our world is governed by justice and meaning. The wisdom that is found in the book of job is not communicated in the form of proverb. Intended to be helpful to all christians, including teachers and preachers, while avoiding an emphasis on technical issues. With a new version, william kelly focuses on the character of god as presented in the story of job how to reconcile his righteousness with the suffering of the godly. In this bible story from the book of job, there is a wealthy man named job residing in an area called uz with his extended family and vast flocks. Book of job overview insight for living ministries. He insists job only serves god because god protects him and seeks gods permission to test job s faith and loyalty. Introduction to job the book of job has long been praised as a masterpiece of literature. Can a favored, righteous person hold on to their faith in god when things go wrong. The poetry section of the book of job is a contest in dialogue between job and his three friends.
According to biblical scholars, the book of job is the oldest book in the bible. Summary the book of job is often referred to as one of the great classics of world literature. According to the sacred writer, the truly wise man should realize that the fear of the lord, that is wisdom. Some bible scholars debate whether he was an actual person or legend, but job is mentioned as a historical figure by the prophet ezekial ezekial 14. The book of job may be divided into two sections of prose narrative, consisting of a prologue chapters 12 and an epilogue chapter 42. It summarizes the main point of the job description which may include key responsibilities, functions, and duties. Its author is unknown yet it is possible that job himself wrote it. In a conversation with satan, god argues that such a person can indeed persevere, and points out his servant job as an example. Constable, provide commentary on all 66 books of the bible and contain over 12,000 pages of material in pdf format. Most of the book tells about job and his friends talking. Therefore i despise myself and repent in dust and ashes.
Emphasizes understanding the text with practical applications. The bible story of job, from the book of job, is a powerful tale of testing the devotion and fortitude of the human will. At its beginning, job seems to be a book about human suffering. It is possible that job is the oldest of any book of the bible written approximately 21001800 b. Job 1, new international version niv the bible app. The name job is mentioned only 54 times and mostly just in the. Every book on your english syllabus summed up in a quote from the office. The book of job, book of hebrew scripture that is often counted among the masterpieces of world literature. Constable taught at dallas theological seminary for 45 years, and served as the chairman of its bible exposition department for years. Like the book of amos, the book of hosea is addressed to the people of the northern kingdom israel. Lo and behold, satan comes out and challenges god on jobs goodness. Tomorrow, if all literature was to be destroyed and it was left to me to retain one work only, i should save job. The book of job is a highly controversial book of mostly confusing information.
Towards the end of the book, job s friends start to think that job is not good because a lot of bad things are happening to him. They are the books of proverbs, psalms, ecclesiastes, song of solomon, and job. Jobs burden, reconciling unimaginable suffering with the idea of a just god, is a task one that few preachers or academics are bold enough to tackle. This post is adapted from the bible study job by eric ortlund. It teaches humility as god reminds job who is really in control, steadfastness as job refuses to curse god despite his circumstances, and joy and reward when the latter part of jobs life is more blessed than the former. Copeland this study guide is from the executable outlines series, a collection of sermon outlines and bible study lessons by mark a. The prose narratives date to before the 6th century bce, and the poetry has been dated between the 6th and the 4th century bce. Book of job simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Are we trusting our creator, even though we cannot understand our circumstances. The names of his friends are eliphaz, bildad, and zophar. Job tears his clothes and shaves his head in mourning, but he still blesses god in his prayers. There was a man this has all the appearance of being a true history. Whatever would possess the rabbis to include the book of job as one of the official books in the canon of holy writ.
It is found in the third section of the biblical canon known as the ketuvim writings. This reference in james is the only time job is mentioned by name in the n. The book of job is considered being part of the poetic books job, psalms, proverbs, ecclesiastes, and song of songs in todays bible editions. At one point in history, perhaps somewhere around the sixth century a.
The book of job is included among the wisdom writings precisely because it teaches man that pain and suffering are a mystery of divine wisdom. Bible study notes and commentary on the old testament book of job. He may wound us, but he will also heal ushe may cut us, but he cuts us in order to heal us. Instead of asking where god is in the midst of your pain, the book of job affirms gods control and asks us, where are we in our pain. One talmudic tradition suggests moses as author since the land of uz 1. Of these five books, one stands out in bold relief, manifesting significant differences from the other four. He revered god and shunned all evil this man was the greatest of all the men of the east job. Intro to job biblica the international bible society. The book of job is a book in the ketuvim writings section of the hebrew bible tanakh, and the first poetic book in the old testament of the christian bible. The book of job, named after its protagonist apparently not an israelite. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of bible. He is an example of faithfulness as he loses everything important to him yet remains faithful to god.518 576 1458 715 1363 1090 1257 877 919 1151 562 1391 65 4 714 485 982 1340 336 770 515 725 442 1317 15 1257 662 423 406 184 657 705 109 847 267 1453 83 122 1081 794 604 941 669 1242 514 641 1220 830